First World War
The First World War, also known as "The Great War," saw nations around the world in conflict with each other from 1914–1919. The United States did not officially enter the war until 1917 and did not get soldiers trained and in the fighting until 1918. At its conclusion, World War 1 had redrawn the map of the world and was concluded by treaties that contributed to conditions allowing for the rise of the German Third Reich in the 1930s and leading to the Second World War.
Member of the telephone and telegraph battalion at Camp Upton, Long Island (1917 or 1918). Image from the National Archives.
Second World War
The world again went to war from 1939–1945. The United States entered the war after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in December 1941, and Adolph Hitler declared war on the United States. The war in Europe ended with German's surrender in May 1945 after Hitler's suicide and Japan's surrender after the United States dropped atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki that August.
The first African American WACs (Women's Army Corps) to arrive in Europe were the women of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion. After the battalion set up its facilities at Rouen, France, it held an open house, which was attended by hundreds of soldiers. Pvt. Ruth L. James of the battalion is on duty at the gate (May 26, 1945). Image from the National Archives.
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