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African American Studies: Racism

Resources on African American history, literature, biography, and arts as well as racism and statistical resources

Racism in the U.S.


What is racism?

The Encyclopedia of Race and Racism defines racism as ''a system of advantage and disadvantage based on social, historical, and cultural constructions of race and ethnicity." This is different from prejudice (biased feeling or emotions based on race) or discrimination (differential negative treatment based on race) (Salter and Adams, Racism: Overview).

To find resources in this guide about racism as it relates to specific topics, look under the subject tabs and boxes in this guide. Under the definition given above, information related to racism will be found in most any resource.

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