Doing academic research is different from looking for information to solve problems and questions that come up in everyday life. On any given day we might need to solve questions like: What's the fastest way to get to Grand Central Terminal? How big is Central Park? What's the weather going to be like tomorrow?, etc. It's usually quite easy to find the information to answer these kind of questions through a simple Google search.
There are many ways to approach the research process. As you gain experience doing research assignments you will gradually develop a process that works best for you. In the mean time, you might want to look at the steps below, which represent one way you can organize your research process.