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What is copyright? What rights do you have under U.S. law? And what can you do to hold on to them or to manage their licensing? Get answers with Keep Your Copyrights from Columbia Law School.
The publishing landscape is changing.
81% of scholarly journals indexed by SHERPA/RoMEO (as of October 2019) allow authors to post some version of their article online, also called self-archiving.
Therefore, most scholarship could be free online if authors
1) knew their rights
2) knew where online to post their articles
3) and did so
When you create a scholarly piece of work, you own the copyright. When you agree to publish it in a journal or as a book, you grant some rights to your publisher, and you may keep others. The contract specifies these. Read more in these publications:
When you post your article on your personal website or in an institutional or subject repository, the publisher--who is usually the copyright holder--often specifies which versions of your article they will allow in these online platforms. Here's what the version terms mean
Creative Commons Licensing
Creative Commons (CC) copyright licenses allow flexibility within the traditional “all rights reserved” setting that copyright law creates.
CC licenses give everyone a simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to their creative work.
Combine the different license permissions to get just what you need. See our Creative Commons Basics for further details on CC and its licenses.
Visit this tool supported by Open Washington which helps users appropriately credit openly licenced works
The book Open Content A Practical Guide to Using Creative Commons Licences intends to provide interested individuals and organisations with practical guidelines for the use and application of open content licences: How do open content licences work? How do you choose the most suitable licence for your individual needs? Where can you find open content online? These are only some of the questions which these guidelines try to answer.
Fair use is a component of copyright law that permits limited use of copyright-protected works without permission from the owner in certain circumstances.
According to Copyright.gov, the four guidelines for determining fair use are:
the purpose and character of your use
the nature of the copyrighted work
the amount and substantiality of the portion taken
the effect of the use upon the potential market.
Read more about the determination of fair use here.
Indicates the four considerations for determining whether or not a work is considered "fair use" and explicates the types of uses that may fall under fair use (i.e., criticism, research, teaching, etc.)
The Checklist and this introduction is licensed by a Creative Commons Attribution License with attribution to the original creators of the checklist Kenneth D. Crews (formerly of Columbia University) and Dwayne K. Buttler (University of Louisville).
Guides for filmmakers, journalists, teachers, visual arts professionals, librarians, archivists and more. From the Center for Media & Social Impact (CMSI) to better understand how to employ fair use--the right to use copyrighted material without permission or payment, under some circumstances.
"The goal of the Index is to make the principles and application of fair use more accessible and understandable to the public by presenting a searchable database of court opinions, including by category and type of use (e.g., music, internet/digitization, parody)."
This short learning module for people who use or create Open Educational Resources (OER) introduces the basics of copyright and fair use as they relate to OER and includes a section on best practices. Put together by our friends at City Tech.